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Safety Tips for Diwali !!!

 

Diwali, the beautiful festival of lights, happiness and celebration is just around the corner. Celebrating the festivities with your family and friends is something everyone enjoys. However we also see and hear a lot of accidents related to Diwali crackers. Most of these unfortunate accidents can be prevented by following some basic tips.

 

TOPSLINE being your safety partner share some preventive measures so that you can celebrate a safe and joyful Diwali.

 

Clothes:

•     Bursting firecrackers is something everyone including children and adults enjoy. To avoid any accident with fire it is recommended that you wear cotton clothes and stay away from synthetic material.

Quality of Crackers:

•     You must purchase firecrackers from legal manufacturers and ensure that you go through the instructions before actually bursting them. Good quality firecrackers reduce the risk of a dangerous mishap.

Instructing Children:

•     Before taking your children out in the open to burst crackers, it is highly important for you to instruct them about the usage of firecrackers and educate them about the appropriate ways to do so. Supervising them while they are having a fun time with crackers is of utmost importance.

Fire Extinguisher:

•     Having a fire extinguisher in close proximity to the area where you are bursting firecrackers is very essential. Even a bucket of water or sand would be useful to tackle an unexpected fire.

Closed Areas:

•     It is critical to note that you must never burst firecrackers in a closed area. Doing so can lead to a massive hazard in case of fire breaking.

First Aid Kit:

•     A first aid kit should be a handy while you or your kids are enjoying the fireworks. In case there is a minor injury, it can be treated immediately at home.

Discarding Used Fireworks:

•     Dispose of the used firecrackers immediately and carefully. You can either put it in a bucket full of water or put sand on them in order to put out its heat.

Candles and Diyas:

•     Diwali is all about beautiful candles and diyas spreading their light and happiness. However, keeping lit candles and diyas at home can cost you dearly at times. You must make sure that there aren’t any curtains or inflammable materials close to them.

Pet Safety:

•     Pets are a part of the family for animal lovers. But Diwali can be an agonizing time for the animals due to the extreme noise all around. Try to sensitize your pet to the noises by playing similar sounds beforehand. Also, try not to leave your pet alone and do keep them away from firecrackers.

Sensitivity:

•     It is important to celebrate festivals with utmost sensitivity and care. Using firecrackers that do not create a lot of noise can be the first step towards being sensitive to your fellow neighbors and friends. Too much noise pollution can be harmful for everyone, especially senior citizens.

 

TOPSLINE would always stand to support and protect you and we wish you a safe festive season.


Spread Happiness this Diwali and Celebrate this Beautiful Festival Joyously with your Loved Ones and keep them and Yourself Safe!!!

 

Source: TOPSLINE

Safety & Prevention Tips During Emergencies

 

 

 

 

 

Chest Pain :

 

Help the conscious patient to rest in the position of greatest comfort,generally in a half sitting position with support for the back and head.

 

Assist the patient to take any medication prescribed for chest pain. Try to keep the patient calm with constant reassurance because any stress or activity could cause complications or even collapse.

 

Heart attack :

 

Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm. Loosen any tight clothing. Ask if the person takes any chest pain medication known for heart condition, and help them take it. If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking medicine, call for emergency medical help.

 

Unconsciousness :

 

Do not give an unconscious person any food or drink. don't leave the person alone. Do not place a pillow under the head of an unconscious person. Do not splash water on their face and try to revive them. Call for emergency medical help & keep the person warm until medical help arrives.

 

Fire Emergencies:

 

Property fire :

 

You must leave the building immediately during an alarm. Do not "investigate" the source of a potential fire or hazardous material emergency. Report the fire to emergency response service. As you leave, close all doors behind you to limit the movement of smoke, flames or noxious
odors.

Walk, do not run to the nearest exit out of the building & don't re-enter the building for any reason once you have left. Gather at your designated area. Never use an elevator to exit a building during a fire alarm.

 

Burn :

 

Put out fire or stop the person's contact with hot liquid, steam, or other material. Remove hot or burned clothing. If clothing sticks to skin, cut or tear around it,

First-degree burns - Hold burned skin under cool (not cold) running water or immerse in cool water until pain subsides. Use ice packs if running water isn't available.

 

Second-degree burns - Immerse in cool water for 10 or 15 minutes. Don't apply ice. It can lower body temperature and cause further damage. The doctor can test burn severity, prescribe antibiotics and pain medications and administer a tetanus shot, if needed.

 

Third-degree burns - Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage or for large areas, a sheet or other material that that won't leave lint in wound. Do not soak burn in water or apply ointments, which can cause infection. Call for immediate medical help.

 

Accidents:

 

Road accident :

 

If you have been injured in the accident, first check yourself & other person for any injuries. Try to assess how well you can move your limbs, and if you experience symptoms such as dizziness etc. then immediately call for an ambulance or rush the person to a hospital. If there are extensive wounds, try to control the bleeding using pressure to the area using a cloth. Press down with your palms rather than your fingertips. Usually accident victims feel excessively cold due to shock. Therefore keeping them warm is essential to survival.

 

Common accidents :

 

Act Fast If there's bleeding, first press firmly over the site with a clean cloth until it stops, anywhere from three to 15 minutes. Clean with lukewarm water and gently pat dry. Follow-Up Care Dab on the anti-biotic ointment and apply a new bandage daily (or twice daily, if it's a large or deep wound) until the cut heals.

 

Shadowing:

 

Whenever and wherever you're out walking, jogging, taking the dog for a walk, etc. and you're by yourself, keep your wits about you the whole time and stay observant. Call the emergency services or police, if you think you're in any kind of real danger. Don't start looking over your shoulder.
Remember, normal people are the ones who do inconspicuous things. Go somewhere public find a crowded mall, restaurant and grab a seat.

 

 

 

 

Source:Topsline.com

 

Electrical Accidents

 

 

 


Electricity is an indispensible part of our lives. There is no assessing the breadth with which it facilitates the smooth functioning of modern human society. You only need to think of the wide array of electrical appliances that you use at home when you get set for the day. Following proper electrical safety procedures and knowing the emergency protocol to follow in case of an electrical accident, is therefore as much about being a responsible citizen as it is about personal safety. Electrical emergencies are mostly associated with shocks, burns, fires and explosions.


Causes Of Electrical Accidents:


Since most electrical wiring is behind the scenes and beyond the realm of common knowledge, the best way to prevent a wiring-related electrical accident is to have your home inspected by a certified electrical inspector. He can look for all of the most common hazards and also give you a cost-estimate of the solutions.


Misuse of lamps and light fixtures is one of the common causes of electrical accidents. As harmless as it seems, using a one-hundred-watt bulb in a sixty watt fixture (for example) can melt the fixture wires, creating shock and fire hazard.
The same danger exists when plugging a cord into an adapter outlet that screws into a light bulb socket.


As for appliances, don’t use any device that sparks, smokes, buzzes, emits a burning smell, or shows any cord damage.


Unplug appliances before cleaning them. Never operate an appliance or any equipment while standing in water or in moist conditions.


Fixed wiring is the second most common cause of electricity-related house fires. Potential problems with household wiring systems can range from overloaded circuits (and improperly rated or installed circuit breakers) to damaged wires to loose connections of switches and other devices.


As a general rule, the best approach to preventing electrical accidents is following the advice written in product manuals and on the labels of cords, appliances, fixtures, and other devices. It also means purchasing and using only electrical products that are approved. Never modify or tamper with electrical equipment, and don’t be lazy about repairing or replacing old, outdated and damaged devices.


How Does Electric Shock Affect Your Organs?


How electric shocks affect the skin depends on the skin’s resistance to current, which in turn depends on the wetness, thickness, and cleanliness of the skin. Thin or wet skin is much less resistant than thick or dry skin. When the skin’s resistance to current is low, the current may cause little or no skin damage but severely burn internal organs and tissues. By contrast, high skin resistance can produce severe skin burns but prevent the current from entering the body.


The nervous system (brain, spinal cord and nerves) is very sensitive to electric shock injury, and neurological and cardiac problems due to electrolyte disturbances are the most common consequences suffered by electric shock victims.


Neurological damage can be minor and clear up on its own or with medical treatment or it can be severe and permanent.


Damage to the respiratory and cardiovascular systems is the highest at the time of injury. Electric shocks can paralyse the respiratory  system or disrupt heart action, causing instant death.


Also at risk are the smaller veins and arteries, which can develop blood clots. Damage to the smaller vessels is often followed by amputation after high-voltage injuries.


Strong shocks are often accompanied by violent muscle spasms that can break and dislocate bones.


The victim may also suffer a fall or an electric arc may set clothing or nearby flammable substances on fire.

 

Many other injuries are possible after an electric shock, including cataract, kidney failure, and destruction of muscle tissue.


Safe Work Practices:


People working with electric equipment need to implement safe working practices.

 

They include:


De-energizing electric equipment before inspecting or undertaking repairs.
Using electric tools that are in good condition.
Using good judgment when working near energised lines.
Using appropriate protective equipment.
If work is to be performed near overhead power lines, the lines must be de-energized and grounded by the owner or operator of the lines, or other protective measures must be provided before work is started.


Protective measures (such as guarding or insulating the lines) must be designed to prevent workers from contacting the lines.


Unqualified employees and mechanical equipment must stay away from overhead power lines.
Protective Equipment For Electrical Workers.


Electrical employees whose occupations require them to work directly with electricity must use the personal protective equipment required for the jobs they perform. This equipment may consist of rubber insulating gloves, hoods, sleeves, matting, blankets, line hose, and industrial protective helmets.


To maximise his or her own safety, an employee should always use tools that work properly. Tools must be inspected before use. Tools that are used by employees to handle energised conductors must be designed and constructed to withstand the voltages and stresses to which they are exposed.


First Aid During Electrical Accidents:


The rescue team for electrical accidents should first ensure their own safety. The source of electricity must be sealed and the supply of electricity to the area of the accident must be cut off before they step in to rescue the victims.
Get the injured persons away from the scene and ensure the scene is safe.
Electrical injuries include burns which can be superficial or deep, damage to internal organs, fractures, dislocations, thermal injuries and others.
After removing the person to a safe site, first aid may be given, e.g. splint for a fracture, bandage for an external wound.

 

Source: Apollo Lets Talk Health

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