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IMPORTANCE OF EARLY DIABETES DETECTION

 

 

 


Most patients with the common form of diabetes i.e. type 2 diabetes actually have high range of blood glucose levels for many years before they end up being diagnosed with diabetes. This stage is called pre-diabetes wherein your blood glucose levels are higher than normal, though not high enough to qualify as diabetes.


Symptoms


Increased fatigue or tirednessFrequent desire to urinateIncreased thirstUnexplained weight lossTingling and numbness in the feetFrequent Infections.
If the above mentioned symptoms are avoided and the condition prolongs for a long time, it can result in hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia.


Hyperglycaemia


It is a condition where the sugar levels in the blood are higher than normal. Initially, when the glucose levels have just started to rise, the symptoms may not be visible at all. Unfortunately, when the sugar levels reach a stage when they begin to manifest symptoms, there can be a stage when the excessive sugar starts to attack the body's organs. In other words, more the delay in diagnosing, greater would be the damage done.


Symptoms


Excessive thirstIncreased urinationUnexplained weight lossBlurring of the eyesightExhaustion without much explanationInability to concentrateHeadachesDamage of the nerves (in advanced stages)Erectile dysfunction in menChronic diarrhoea or constipation.


Hypoglycaemia:


Hypoglycaemia, a state of low blood sugar, usually affects infants and the elderly more severely. However, it can influence people of any age group in case of diabetes. Clinically, diabetic hypoglycaemia is characterised by the blood glucose levels below 70mg/dl and symptoms become more visible at blood glucose below 60 mg/dl. Blood glucose level below 50 mg/dl is dangerous as it can damage the functioning of the brain.


Symptoms:


TremblingHeart palpitationsSweating and sticky skinAnxietyHunger pangs.
If one still does not seek medical advice, one can slip into diabetic coma.

Some other risks could be diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage), kidney disease and kidney failure, stroke and heart disease as a result of damaged vessels.


Source: Apollo Lets Talk Health

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